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Community-Based, Culturally Tailored Diabetes Education Program Helps Low-Income South Korean Immigrants Improve Self-Management Behaviors, Disease Control, and Other Health Markers

August 14, 2013

The University of California, Irvine, used a bilingual nurse practitioner to deliver a low-cost, community-based, culturally tailored education program to low-income, predominantly elderly Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes, with the goal of improving their ability to self-manage the disease. The nurse practitioner led two educational sessions (conducted in Korean) to review the basic pathology of diabetes, common complications and medical treatments, and culturally tailored self-management strategies. The program improved self-management behaviors and some of the key biological outcomes of diabetes: better blood glucose control, higher levels of "good" cholesterol, and reductions in waist circumference. Most participants completed all aspects of the program and reported high levels of satisfaction with it.